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Jargon buster

A comprehensive list of the terms and words you will come across in relation to brain tumours.



A machine which forces air in and out of a person's lungs. The machine is used when a person is physically unable to breath on their own


A cavity or space. In the brain, they produce, and so are filled with, the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). They are also concerned with CSF circulation. There are four ventricles in the brain, which are all connected. (Two lateral ventricles, the third ventricle and the fourth ventricle).

Vestibular nerve

The nerve which connects the inner ear to the brain. It is involved in hearing, balance and body position.

Visual cortex

An area at the back of the brain which helps us make sense of visual information.


Relating to the visual perception of the relationships between objects in a space. Visuospatial skills allow us to move around an environment e.g. move around a room without bumping into things or retrace our way across a city because we have a visual map in our memory from the last time. Visuospatial perception is also involved in our ability to accurately reach for objects in our visual field and our ability to shift our gaze to different points in space.