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Child brain tumour types

These are the types of brain tumours that occur more commonly in children. They can, however, also occur in adults.

The information we provide is aimed at explaining everything you might need to know about specific brain tumour types that can affect children. For example, you can find out about the short- and long-term side-effects that might be experienced from the tumour, or the type of treatment children are likely to receive for specific tumour types. You can also find information about the biological (cellular and genetic) characteristics of each tumour type in their respective pages.

Information on other types of brain tumour that occur less frequently in children, or more frequently in adults, are listed on the adult brain tumour types page.

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The 2nd most common brain and the most common high grade tumour in children.

Diffuse midline glioma

A type of fast-growing, high grade brain tumours that was formerly called DIPG.


Tumours which grow near the base of the brain on the stalk of the pituitary gland.

Embryonal tumours

Previously known as PNETs, embryonal tumours are most common in young children.


Tumours which develop from primitive cells in the pineal region at the base of the brain.

Brainstem glioma

A tumour that grows in the brain stem, which is responsible for body functions such as breathing.

Choroid plexus carcinoma

A tumour within the ventricles in the brain which can cause pressure to build-up.

Germ cell tumours

Tumours developing from germ cells – cells that are involved in our growth in the womb.