Child brain tumour types

These are the types of brain tumours that occur more commonly in children. They can, however, also occur in adults.

The information we provide is aimed at explaining everything you might need to know about specific brain tumour types that can affect children. For example, you can find out about the short- and long-term side-effects that might be experienced from the tumour, or the type of treatment children are likely to receive for specific tumour types. You can also find information about the biological (cellular and genetic) characteristics of each tumour type in their respective pages.

Information on other types of brain tumour that occur less frequently in children, or more frequently in adults, are listed on the adult brain tumour types page.


The second most common of all brain tumours in children, and the most common high grade tumour in children.

DIPG (Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma)

Fast growing, high grade brain tumours that originate in the part of the brain stem called the pons.


Tumours which grow from cells lining the ventricles (spaces) in the brain that help to produce the cerebro-spinal fluid.


Tumours which grow near the base of the brain on the stalk of the pituitary gland.

Embryonal tumours

Previously known as PNETs, embryonal tumours grow from cells left over from when we were growing in our mother's womb.


Tumours which develop from primitive cells in the pineal region at the base of the brain above the pituitary gland.

Brainstem glioma

A tumour that grows in the brain stem, which is responsible for body functions we don't normally think about, e.g. breathing.

Choroid plexus carcinoma

A tumour within the ventricles (spaces) in the brain.

Germ cell tumours

Tumours that develop from germ cells - cells that become the reproductive system during our growth in the womb.

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