A comprehensive list of the terms and words you will come across in relation to brain tumours.
"A means of granting controlled access to drugs in response to requests by health professionals on behalf of specific, or “named”, patients before those medicines are licensed.
The patients must have exhausted all alternative treatment options and not match clinical trial entry criteria.
Often called compassionate use, expanded access, or named patient supply."
The organisation in the UK that provides guidance on the use of medicines for specific diseases and conditions. Abbreviated to NICE. Its guidance is officially England-only, but agreements are in place with Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Feeling sick and likely to vomit.
Death of cells through injury or disease, especially in a localised area of tissue or organ. It can be caused by a lack of blood flow to the cells.
A new and abnormal growth of tissue in the body - another name for a tumour.
Neurological observations. These include checking how alert you are; testing your reflexes; checking that the pupils in your eye react to light; checking your pulse, blood pressure, the amount of oxygen in your blood and how many breaths you take each minute.
The study of brain and spinal cord tumours.
The branch of science that deals with structure of the brain and nervous system, the way it works and its diseases.
The branch of medicine that deals with the structure (anatomy), functions and disorders of the nerves and the nervous system.
Nerve cell that receives and sends electrical signals over long distances within the body
Healthcare professionals that specialise in the physical effects of brain disease or injury on mental abilities.
Any science which deals with the brain and nervous system. Examples of a neuroscience include neurobiology, neurochemistry and experimental psychology.
It is sometimes used interchangeably with neurobiology, but usually looks more at understanding how the human brain works to produce behaviour and other brain functions, such as learning.
A chemical substance which transmits (carries) signals across the junction (synapse) from one nerve to another. Examples include: serotonin, which helps carry messages between different areas of the brain, and plays a part in mood, appetite, sleep, memory and learning, temperature regulation and some social behaviour.
An abnormally low number of neutrophils in the blood. Neutrophils are a type of white blood cell and are part of the immune system. They attack bacteria and other foreign substances when they invade your body. A low level means you are more prone to infections.
A type of white blood cell - they are part of the immune system. They attack bacteria and other foreign substances when they invade your body
National Institute of Health and Care Excellence. The organisation that provides guidance on the use of medicines for specific diseases and conditions. Its guidance is officially England-only, but agreements are in place with Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
A type of neurotransmitter that raises the blood pressure and heart rate.
Rapid, involuntary, jerky movements of the eyes.